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hello. you're watching "gmt" on bbc world news. i'm tim willcox. our top stories. ukraine detains a russian naval attache on suspicion of spying. a red flag is flown at parades in the east. clashes between police and marchers in turkey as they defy a government ban on may day parades. a tale of two europes. a week before elections in portugal and poland. also many the program today, aaron takes a closer look at why minimum wage increases are so
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difficult. >> absolutely tim. it is may day. protestors from around the world are hitting the streets. this year is all about wages. yes, some governments crack under the pressure and increased pay. others like the united states holds i remember if. we'll take a look at winners and losers of the minimum wage movement. hello. it is midday in london, 3:00 p.m. moscow. the crisis in ukraine has taken on dimension of the cold war. with the attache detained on suspicion of spying, russia has yet to comment. angela merkel asked president putin in a phone call to help the detained. his response, kiev must withdraw military units from the southeast and launch a national
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dialogue. theirs monetary fund has approved a $17 billion bail out to ukraine to help the country's struggling finances. we have the first correspondent nick childs with this. >> a march for peace and unity as this crisis continues. this earlier, predawn exercise for cameras and news the kiev authoritys have detained russia's military attache for allegedly spying and told him to leave the country. this may look impressive, but in the east, the security services seem unable or unwilling to control events. the words of alarm and accusation against moscow for ukraine's ministers grows stronger. >> practically we're already at
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war after what happened in crimea. the activities we now see in eastern ukraine with separatists groups supported by russia, this is war. >> reporter: government buildings in eastern ukraine continue to fall to pro russian separatists. among thebi$j also in one of ukraine's largest cities. and in sloviansk and donetsk, the separatists seem to be tightening their grip. it's the same story elsewhere across the region. visiting peru, russian's foreign minister made a call for dialogue. moscow rejectsc.a charges it's instability and blames them for the standoff. russian believes this dialogue could be established in the frame work of the organization of the security and cooperation in europe. we hope our partners, western colleagues[+)ílpi allow ukrain
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establish this dialogue without major impediment. >> but as the people of sloviansk mark may day, pro russian separatists here's hold a number of osce prisoner. merkel asked putin to help get them free. the two sides seem further apart than ever. david stern is in kiev. daniel is in moscow. first of all, it's got provocation to cold war isn't it with this detaining of the attache. what's coming of that? >> there's not much information. there's been an arrest or detention. that has been confirmed in the conversation i had with the ukrainian foreign ministry spokesperson. the person has been asked to
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leave the country. this is supposed to happen within 24 hours since he was detained yesterday. we expect he'll leave some point today. we don't know anything about what exactly he's accused of or the circumstances of his detention. we do know he was a naval military attache. he has been accused of engaging in activities not in accordance with his job description. >> the acting president describing ukrainian forces as being helpless as to what's happening in the east of the country. there's been a military alert overnight in kiev. talk us through that. >> reporter: well, yes, we've had a number of things that happened yesterday. first of all, the acting president saying they were losing control or lost control of the east. namely two areas of donetsk. we saw a show of force
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overnight. show of security forces in the government area of kiev showing they could secure the building. perhaps more of a symbolic show given the government showing they are helpless in the eastern part of the country. >> daniel, interesting this phone call between angela merkel and president putin. merkel asked for help in the releasing of osce military observers. mr. putin saietting his own conditions. >> that's right. it's fairly clear there were demands from president putin spelled out by his own office following that conversation with angela merkel. the first one and the hardest for the kiev government is they should remove all military units from the southeast of the country. that obviously includes two sets of military units. one is assisting the ukrainian internal security forces trying to rest back control in areas
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like the donetsk region. it would mean abandoning borders. that's exceptionally difficult. on the other hand there's an appeal from president putin through angela merkel the kiev government should engage in constructive dialogue with those in the southeast. if this situation is going to be resolved at any point, there's going to have to be a discussion between people in kiev and people in the southeast. the question is who would they talk to? clearly the armed men holding government buildings and police stations is not quite clear how much popular support they have in eastern ukraine. they certainly have some. there was a big march in their favor today in donetsk. it's not completely clear how much support they have. >> briefly, we talk about imf releasing to receive, much needed money there. also a warning from the imf the
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russian economy rirvsked becaus of sanctions. >> the first quarter of negative growth happened. everybody knows the second quarter is going to happen as well. also in recession. there are concerns if these sanctions carry on at this stage, there will be perhaps 2% reduction in the russian economy over the next year. that would be a fairly serious recession for a country that is already struggling slightly financially as it's demands in terms of pensions and increasing or improving armed forces continue. thank you both very much indeed. there have been violent clashes between police and protestors at the may day parade in the turkish city. police used water cannons and tear gas as hundreds defied a ban on demonstrations in the taksim square. this is the rallying point for trade unions. last year this was the focus of a long running occupation.
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protestors threw stones and fireworks at police. several are injured. we are joined now live from istanbul. what's the state of play at the moment? >> reporter: this is a district 15 to 20 minutes from taksim square. almost five hours there have been clashes taking place between the police and protestors willing to make it to taksim square. for the last hour, it is quiet. heavy police intervention and crowd just dispersed after the use of tear gas and water cannons. they tried to make their way to businesses to avoid being taken into custody. this place seems to be now under the control of the police. police have taken a break. protestors have taken a break. for the last ten minutes or so, we're seeing protestors gathering back again. police are taking up their
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lines. >> why do they want to ban rallies? he's under pressure from the corruption scandal and demonstrations from last year? >> reporter: that is true. demonstrations last year took place close to taksim square. the prime minister probably sees letting the may day protests take part today in taksim square will be seen like taking a step back, conceding to protestors. but having said that, i have to remind you that taksim square has always been a portal of con tronati -- of confrontation. there was an incident 32 people got shot and killed. that's why the unions insist on celebrating in that square. that's why the square was banned for protests 32 years.
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the government in 2010 allowed may day celebrations taking place in that square. for three years nothing violent happened. tens of thousands of people demonstrated in taksim square. for the last thrwo years the ba is in place and clashes are take place as well. >> thank you very much indeed. the controversial mayor of toronto who was filmed smoking crack is take a leave of action. rob ford was stripped of powers by the city council. his decision to seek treatment comes of reports of a video that surfaced that appears to show him taking drugs. >> it was a confession that made international news headlines. >> yes, i have smoked crack cocaine. >> then came this. a secret video showing toronto mayor rob ford using threatening
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and abusive language. the toronto police were conducting surveillance on its own mayor. residents demanded he resign. unable to force him to do so, his colleagues stripped him of his powers. >> council has given the mayor advice and requests. he's chosen not to follow them. i think this is the only course of action left to us. >> despite all scandals however, he's seeking re-election in october. on wednesday, his lawyer said he's taking a leave of absence to seek help for substance abuse. the decision appears to have come after one newspaper
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reported that there's a new video of mr. ford using drugs. another recording also emerged in which he could be heard making offensive comments about other politicians in a local bar. outside the city i, this is where he won most of his support when he came into office in 2010. it was thanks to his promise to cut taxes. he was seen as a man of the people who hands out his home phone number. you either love him or hate him. he's a politician who divides opinions. whether he can win enough support in five months remains to be seen. bbc news. stay with us here on bbc world news. still to come, la clippers could be up for sale after the owner was banned for life amid racist remarks. stay with us.
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one of northern ireland's most prominent politicians the leader gerry adams spent the night under arrest in connection with a murder that took place more than 40 years ago. mr. adams was detained wednesday after agreeing to go to the police station for questioning. >> the murder of jean mcconville, a widow mother of 10, one of a group of being abducted and murdered by a group of ira, gerry adams denies involvement. last night he gave himself to police for questioning. >> i'm innocent totally for any part of abduction, killing or burial of jean mcconville. >> wrongly accused of passing information to the security
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forces, her children were left to fend for themselves when she disappeared. despite repeated searches, jean's body lay undetected on a beach more than 30 years. her remains were found in 2003. >> they recently obtained tips secretly recorded by the american university in which some former ira members spoke about their role in the troubles and named names. one man alleged to have given an interview was charged six weeks ago in connection with jean's murder. another man who has since died claim gerry adams led the
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direction over the connection with the abductions. some are celebrating a decade of eu membership. they include eight former communist countries. it was a return home to the economic family. withinnhutt)j time, the eu elections will be taking place. we have the latest of our election series. we report from the areas on the impact of a decade in the eu. >> this is a tale of two europes. the first elegant, beautiful, old. where even those with jobs like the tram driver are barely coping. >> we suffer directly on cutbacks of the economy, of the service for the people. it's tough for everybody.
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for everybody. >> the crisis almost destroyed portugal. a bailout from the eu saved it. the huge public cuts here means the economy took a massive drop. in poland, it still feels like a place on the up. the eu has help modernize the:h country providing tens of billions in development aid. not just warsaw but out in poland's huge rural economy too. >> the apple trees are in blossom. poland is the biggest exporter of apples in the world. this farmer benefitted from being part of the world's largest single market. just before poland joined eu in 2004 the owner told bbc he was skeptical. not anymore. >> we could modernize our farms. products are better now. we sell all over europe. last ten years was good.
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>> a huge must be still look for work a broad. free movement has been a lifeline. a few like this woman are now returning home. change is returning slow. over time, opportunities here will increase. >> it's completely different, yeah. it really changed for the better. so there are more opportunities. there's more freedom. >> it is complicated because average salaries here in poland are well below most of western europe. they doubled in the last ten years. the difference is people here at least have the hope they'll be better off than their parents. >> here in portugal, many of the unemploy ready supported by the pensions of grand parents, parents or like this, they're looking for work outside the country. >> here they hope to find jobs in the british health system recruiting in portugal. record numbers of workers are
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going. >> it's sad the young people and not so young people with experience have to immigrate to other countries. >> well we can speak to chris and matt now. matt, coming to you. this treaty, financial crisis, what's the appetite. what changes are people looking for? >> reporter: generally tim, the european elections in portugal is low. i'm going to step out of the way and show you the scene here. this is thank you beginning of what promises to be a quite large may day rally here in support of the workers and trade unions. a lot of those trade union movements are turning up here. you get the idea of the signs around this central square about the sort of issues that are important to them here. issues for instance trying to limit the working week, trying to get the government to stop
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cutting back on the public services. that really is a sign of where portugal is at the moment. the government has been cutting back for a long time because of the crisis. it's got public finances back in order. what's going on here looks a lot better. the people aren't feeling it. they're still unemployed, still don't have jobs. birth rate is declining. people are moving out of the country. in that sense, what's going on in portugal is a warning sign for the rest of western europe where it's facing debt problems. >> is that shared sentiment in warsaw or a different atmosphere there? >> reporter: it is a different atmosphere. i'm at a park in warsaw where there's a celebration going on. you can see a former royal palace. there's a concert on the other side of the this lake. they're celebrating ten years in
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the you' european union. not just poland but other places in urine. for most places that is eu's biggest single achievement, the fact it broke down the eastern and western europe. the issue now is a lot of economic issues involved in elections. a lot of people in europe want to know what the union going to do about ukraine. places like poland and baltic state, they're looking over their shoulder with concern. >> okay. chris morrison, warsaw, and matt. thank you both very much indeed. both of those may day rallies. let's bring you breaking news we're just getting in about the missing flight mh 370 which went down beginning of march. the authorities are now asking all relatives of those passengers to return home. we're hearing the malaysian
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authorities and malaysian airlines are closing down those daily briefing centers for those relatives of those missing passengers over the next week. even though the search continues. the australian authorities have been saying they'll continue in the search for wreckage. hopefully the black boxes. there's a new phase. no new aerial searches. the underwater searches will look at the underwater terrain. we brought you the story about the american basketball team, la clippers, who's been banned from the sport after making allegedly racist remarks this. caused a huge controversy since comments in a phone call were linked to the media.
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>> it was the first game and victory for the los angeles clippers after the owner donald sterling was banned for life from the organization o. the fans made feelings clear in and outside the stadium. they want mr. sterling who allegedly made racist remarks to sell the team. if he does, the team may end up with the celebrity talk show host oprah winfrey as its owner. according to her spokesperson, she's in talks with billionaire media executive david giffon and ceos to make a bid. another bidder includes former nba player magic johnson. mr. sterling's remarks caused a huge controversy. if he sells the team, he'll find many wealthy bidders and a huge
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pay day. bbc news. >> the fallout has spread to american football with one veteran u.s. senator urging the washington redskins to change their name. harry reid said the national football league should follow the lead of the nba. he's called on the league's owner snide area. humans. even when we cross our t's and dot our i's, we still run into problems. namely, other humans. which is why at liberty mutual insurance, auto policies come with new car replacement and accident forgiveness if you qualify. see what else comes standard at libertymutual.com. liberty mutual insurance. responsibility. what's your policy? top of the mornin' to you, sir. this is no time for lollygaggin', lad. but we love lollygaggin'. we do. but it's a battlefield out there! you know the chickweed is surrounding yer sidewalk and the dandelions are stealing precious nutrients!
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in this half hour, flogging and death by stoning. the announcing of sharia law. we know what we're doing, says unesco after plans to dump sledge on the great barrier reef. also on the program, aaron is back with a sticky dispute. >> it's all about these babies here. relations between the european union and india are going sour
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over mangos, a fruit fly infestation. as of today, eu is banning the import of indian mango. we asked, is it justified? what does it mean for india's farmers? welcome back. today one country in east asia will be the first to introduce tough islamic or law at the national level. in doing so, it will become the latest example of deep conservatism taking part in the region. the focus is a former british colony with an absolute monarch, brunei. it shares the largest island with indonesia and thanks the to the large natural reserves of natural oil and gas, the population has the highest standard of living in the world.
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that population practices conservative islam. it bans alcohol and has restrictions on other religions. it's made up of 70% of ethnics. the leader is one of the world's wealthiest men. he holds no national elections but maintains stability with benefits like free education and health care. today is starting the gradual introduction of punishment that includes death by stone for adu
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adulters. why is he doing this now? >> it's not surprising. part of the system is already. for example on common law, you havenl if you look at constitution you will find bits and pieces that explain this move. >> given there's no democratic elections. he's an absolute monarch.ç is there any way of gauging whether the people of brunei want this? >> absolutely. people have expressed discontentment inside and outside the country. that may be part of his league reform, to control this discontentment. it's not muzzling the opposition. by passing islamic law, he'll have some sort of control on
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opposition. >> in terms oftp freedom of movement and political debate, is there a çj'=óçfzúk+ñksin5zvs?[ííyw3? >> there's been some negative feelings growing among the population with regard to freedom of expression. perhaps this is the first islamic of the entire system. what has been inherited by the common law system would be adopted. >> it's a former british colony. there are british troops there. >> absolutely. it seems a large part of islamic code would apply to muslims. >> i'm thinking personally for him. he's got the playboy brother who's alleged to have embezzled billions of with his lifestyle. would that mean with no question
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he could return? >> actually that's a good question, what would happen to him if he were to return to brunei under the new code. part one being the prison for the brother. part two deals with amputation and part three stoning. if the brother goes back in time, perhaps it will be applicable to him. >> this places brunei up there with some of those really ex trooex extremists? >> it does. however we need to see how it's going to be implemented. there's a state that passed in the 90s similar law. however the enforcement has not been harsh. the question at this stage will be how strictly will it be followed knowing islamic law has
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high threshold of proof. it's extremely difficult to punish someone of a crime on the basis of criminals. you need four witnesses. >> given the close ties with the west and indeed trading position. there's been a quite bit condemnation around the world to this isn't there? >> yes. the problem is that in this very situation, the brothers address political issues. he might not be the keen on listening to international condemnation. we've seen this happening before actually. a leader who's in trouble domestically. i'm thinking when iron was trying to muzzle the situation, control discontentment. >> thank you very much indeed for joining us here on "gmt." don't forget, details about the
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new laws on the website. really worth having a look if you want to read into the background of this. bbc.com/news. those new laws which would lead to flogging and indeed severing of limbs for adultery and theft as well. right. let's move on. aaron is back. it's national worker's day around the world. >> absolutely. may day. you stole my line. thanks very much tim. hello there. as tim mentioned kindly it's international workers day around the world. it means millions of workers gather to march for their right. let's take a look in detail. venezuela announced a 30% rise in the monthly minimum wage. that's very important. it's the second rise this year. of course that brings it up to $676 per month. it's a total rise of 43%. let's go over to kenya.
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kenya's government will announce its annual salary rise. current threshold is equivalent to $75 a month. last year the kenya government rose 14%. we could see a similar rise this year. but there was disappointment for american workers on the eve of labor day. republican senators blocked president barack obama 's attempt to raise the hourly minimum wage by more than 50%. they wanted to go from $7.25 to just over $10. basically $10.10. that did not happen. interesting subject. let's get more. our very own joins us from the newsroom. great to have you. let's start with the argument for a raise on this. some will say you can't grow economies until you start to build local economies from the middle up and bottom out. right? >> the argument in favor of minimum wage raging for years.
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people who favor them say they elevate poverty, prevent exploitation and living standards. they increase costs for businesses as well. if we look at united states that you mentioned, proposed minimum wage raise to $10.10. according to the congressional budget office, if that were to go through it would improve living standards for $16.5 million americans lifting many out of poverty. there would be a cost. 500,000 might lose their jobs f. companies are paying more on wages they have less to invest in training and cut cost somewhere else. we live in a competitive work place. >> you mentioned the word. if you look at competitive places like cambodia and kenya. continued pushes on increasing minimum wages, places like this -- manufacturing becomes
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uncompetitive. manufactures pick up sticks and go elsewhere won't they? >> this is a particular problem for countries which are heavily involved in low end factories. for example, the garment industry. we were talking increase in kenya. this is a key problem for the garment industry. the minimum wage is much higher than it is in other countries such as bangladesh and cambodia. people in that industry say it's extremely costly. international buyers when they see labor costs in kenya and the fact that increases the cost of what they're buying, that goes to cambodia. meanwhile, people want higher pay. companies there are reluctant to pay it because they don't want to lose business. >> briefly in a nutshell, the question is can economies cope? >> the richer the economy, the more likely it will be able to cope. we are seeing the beginning of next year, europe's richest
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economy, germany, so far without a national minimum wage is going to introduce one. it's about $12 an hour. that's under political pressure. we all know switzerland is a rich country. that's going to hold referendum to decide whether or not to introduce minimum wage of its own, $25 an hour. >> wow. interesting. great stuff from you. we'll talk to you soon. our own joining us from our newsroom. one more story for you on the labor day reforms. late wednesday, the brazilian president announced the move toward lower taxes for workers and 10% hike for poor. the the announcement comes as a popularity as all this five months before elections. okay. let's talk about this. see these babies laying around here. take a look. you may not see them again. going to talk about a sticky dispute. the indian alfonzo mango known
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as king of fruit. from today, they are banned. no more from the european union. authorities in brussels found consignments were infested with fruit flies. india says we've fix had the problem. the price has sharply fallen in the home market. we have the report about 100 kilometers northeast of mumbai. >> across india, tens of thousands do this job picking mangos. it is tough work. the season is short. there are just a few weeks to harvest the fruit and get it out to the customer. >> more than half the world's mangos are grown here in india. at the moment, a small fraction of them are sent overseas for sale. of those export markets europe is one of the most important. now it's got a new challenge. last year pests like fruit flies similar to these were found in
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200 shipments sent. due to the threat to crops, the mangos have been banned. for this year, farmers are okay. most have contracts. this is a fj headache for wholesalers like this one that specializes in alfonzo mangos, the king of fruit and most in demand of europe. >> we are hoping if we can't export to eu, we'll find another country to sell to. maybe u.s. or coast. because there's so many extra mangos t price in the market is falling fast. >> the eu says 5% of the produce is affected by the ban. that's little consolation. alfonzos are sold at premium to
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get through quieter months. they've start ed online petitio. >> they allow because they're known to have district borders. they have worked with india to come pup with solution. >> the fruit here sells at shops around the uk especially in large indian communities. what do customers think about not being able to get indian mangos? >> just a shame. >> it will be not good not having them anymore. >> like if we can't get them here, i'll have to wait until i go to india. >> eu is in talks with indian authorities. if it is satisfied the product is safe, the ban will be lifted before next year's mango system. without an immediate solution,
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that's the outcome most farmers would happily pick. bbc news mumbai. i want to leave you with this. look at currency. the british pound has hit the highest level against the dollar since august 2009. it gained six consecutive days. how hasing numbe in-- housing n out. not good for uk manufacturing. it makes goods more costly for outsiders to buy. that's the currency board at the moment. lots going on. tweet me. i'll tweet you back. you can get me at @aaron. >> you want a mango? >> i'd like one. that's it. no more of these particular ones. >> this is nice. take that one there. bye. >> thank you very much. stay with us on bbc world
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news. we've got more to come. the black and white photos of a party in south africa. they're celebrating 20 years of freedom. when you sat down to dinner with anticipation, not hesitation.
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for 24 hour support, automatic refills, and free home delivery, enroll at purplepill.com. it's the nexium you know, now delivered. hello. you're watching "gmt." i'm tim wilwillcox. our top stories this hour. the attache is detained on suspicion ofp1ç spying. red flags fly for may day in the east. a ban on may day parades in turkey. south africa has just celebrated 20 years of democracy. to mark the event, the story of the
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featuring thousands is featured in johannesburg. for those born after 1994 it's a powerful celebration of the struggle many had to endure to see south africa become a free and democratic nation. >> the rise and fall of the state. the depiction of the dark history of oppression, resistance and liberation. the exhibition has made it home to celebrate the 20 years of democracy. works of art has impressed audiences in other parts of the world including new york, milan and munich. >> south africa has been an ongoing interest of mine. when i was invited by
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photographers to make exhibition i thought this was an opportunity to explore the legacy of the production and apartheid. >> this was these images that shocked the world. the photographs exhibited here builds a picture what south africa was like over the period. 20 years into democracy, a young generation shouldn't be allowed to forget this country's history. >> this was taken in the march where protestors were gathering to demand the release of mandela. there were attacked by police. these protestors know their about to get heat. he's looking straight at him, will almost looking through him to the future. >> in defiance. >> waiting to be hit.
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half a second later this was taken at the funeral of a child killed by a canister. >> a 3-year-old. >> yes. >> the situation of police in the background and protestors throwing stones. it's stones versus guns. >> after the censorship of television news, photography became a political weapon that played a vital role in the fight for south africa's liberation. some of these people are too young to remember the brutality shown here. others lived through it all. it is hoped the exhibition will educate the younger generation about the country's painful past, new democracy and people that made it happen. bbc news johannesburg. unesco is threatening to
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list the great barrier reef as a danger threat. this is part of a coal port expansion. unesco has given australia a year to come up with evidence the waste dumping will not further damage the reef already considered to be in poor health. let's get more from our environment correspondent claire. a reprieve for a year for the australia authorities. how much is a concern of this dumping of dredged soil? >> as you say the reprieve of a year. this almost is a decision taken. there's a bit of time for the government to make substantial progress. look at the reef behind us. this could be on the same list as damascus. this list is small. it could be a huge embarrassment
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for the australia's government to be fined $5 billion a year for tourists wanting to dive a year. this kind of rebranding of the reef being in danger would be a problem for that industry. >> it's a political debate as well. in terms of science. i don't know how much you've gone into. that do we have categorical evidence the australian authorities disprove the concerns? >> they say they've met safeguards they need to. look at the life. this would be 3 million cubic meters of filth and sludge being dumped. it's within the protected area. this many say it will poison the
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corrals. >> just to be clear, the unesco is concerned about the reef. how far off that endangered list is it do you think? >> it's down to this meeting next we're. they said the reef overruled. they've got real concerns. there's a star fish outbreak. star fish eat the corrals. they say the government hasn't done enough to protect the reef. >> you talk about star fish. rising levels in the ocean is a threat too right? >> it is a major concern. this is human led intervention. this could be terrible news for australia. the mining companies say it could be 20,000 jobs created which would be a boom. >> mining is an important part of the australian economy.
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>> exactly. pro pros but real cons. australian government has a year to sort it out. thank you very much indeed. you've been watching "gmt." a reminder of our top story hour. in kiev, the crisis of ukraine has taken on more. an attache is detained on suspicion of spying. it comes as may day parades are held in the east of the country. in some areas where government buildings are still taken over not relinquished, the red flag is flown. people are south russia, give us a chance to join in terms of a referendum. we have presidential elections at the end of the month, may 25th. another development, angela
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merkel asked putin to help release osce officials. here's his response, kiev must release the military at the border. that's it from us this hour on "gmt." grossemisconduct... ortho crime files. ...disturbing the pantry. a house, under siege. homeowner calls in the big guns. say helto home defense max.
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